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How field hockey originated?

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How field hockey originated?

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How field hockey originated?

The English word hockey probably comes from the French hoquet (curved shepherd's staff), and the diminutive of the old French hoc (hook). The origin of hockey is not exactly known, however several historical antecedents of rudimentary forms of hockey have been found in different parts of the world. Egyptian drawings from 2000 BC have been found showing two people playing with sticks and a ball between them. In Greece, marble reliefs of 500 BC have been found showing two men participating in a game called kerētízein where a ball is being disputed with sticks (or horns). The Romans also had a similar game called palín. In Mongolia (China), around 1000 AD, the ethnic group Daur practiced a game called beikou, with some similarities to hockey. Similarly, there is evidence in the Middle Ages in Europe of practices similar to hockey. In England in the 14th century, the word hockey is first mentioned in the proclamation of Henry III in 1363. In Ireland, in 1527, the Word hockie is mentioned referring to a game with a ball and hockey sticks. In the 16th century, the Mapuches and Araucanos (native of Argentina and Chile) practiced a sport with a ball and clubs called Chueca or Palín, with characteristics similar to hockey. The natives of India also had a very popular sport with a stick and a ball, similar to hockey, which merged in the times of British colonialism with the game practiced in Great Britain at the beginning of 19th century creating finally field hockey in London in 1861.